Prof Alberto Palloni. Echoes from the past and the evolution of human mortality. - Descripción
Summary: The decline of human mortality is a unique phenomenon that distinguishes the evolution of Homo Sapiens from that of other species. In the short span of two hundred or so years human life expectancy at birth increased from roughly 30 years to values exceeding 85 years, well past the ages of reproduction. Although there is substantial diversity, most human populations have shared this progress, largely attributable to a scientific revolution and a cascade of technological breakthroughs that the explosive growth of scientific knowledge makes possible. Will past gains in survival continue to accrue, even if at substantially reduced rates? Barring natural disasters, wars or epidemics, will universal improvements of human life expectancy continue in the short and medium run?
Prof Alberto Palloni. Echoes from the past and the evolution of human mortality. - Biografía
Biography: Alberto Palloni holds a PhD from the University of Washington, Department of Sociology. Currently, he is a researcher at the Institute of Economy, Geography and Demography of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), where he is the Principal Investigator of the ERC Advanced Grant “ECHO” project, and S.H. Preston Emeritus Professor of Population, University of Wisconsin-Madison. Previously, he has been a Professor of Sociology and Demography in several US universities. He served on the PAA board of directors from 1996 to 1999, was vice president in 2004 and president in 2006. In 2019 he has been awarded with the 2019 IUSSP Laureate. He is known for his research contributions in the areas of health, morbidity and mortality, indirect techniques for demographic estimation, demographic models for HIV/AIDS, aging in developing countries in general and Latin American in particular, fertility and family demography and, more recently, the relation between early childhood health and adult health, mortality and social stratification.